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Our people-our expertise: Carmel Taylor

Our people-our expertise

Carmel Taylor

Qualifications | Research interests | Publications | Presentations | Memberships

Carmel has 30 years of experience in the serological diagnosis of infectious diseases, having started her career with Queensland Health (Laboratory of Microbiology and Pathology) in 1990.

Her current role is Supervising Scientist in the Diagnostic Serology area of Public Health Virology at Forensic and Scientific Services. In this role, she has a focus on the serological diagnosis of viral diseases of public health significance in Queensland, such as COVID-19, dengue and Hendra virus infection.


Bachelor of Science (Microbiology), University of Queensland, Brisbane.

Research interests and expertise

  • Development of serological assays for SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19).
  • Serological diagnosis of vector-borne viral and rickettsial diseases.
  • Development and validation of new serological assays for viral and rickettsial diagnosis.
  • Application of multiplexed microsphere (Luminex®) assays for diagnosis of vector-borne and other viral diseases.



Smoll NR, Taylor C, Martin R, Wheatley S, Moore P, Finger M, Moore F, Schlebusch S, Khandaker G, (2021). SARS-CoV-2 public health investigation in an aged care facility and challenges with serological screening in low pre-test probability settings.  Communicable Diseases Intelligence, 45. DOI: 10.33321/cdi.2021.45.42

Walczak A, Wilks K, Shakhovskoy R, Baird T, Schlebusch S, Taylor C, Reid D, Choong K, (2020). COVID-19 in a complex obstetric patient with cystic fibrosis. Infection, Disease & Health. ISSN 2468-0451. DOI: 10.1016/j.idh.2020.07.002

Hobson-Peters j, Harrison JJ, Watterson D, Hazlewood JE, Vet LJ, Newton ND, Warrilow D, Colmant AMG, Taylor CT, Huang B, Piyasena TBH, and Chow WK, Setoh YX, Tang B, Nakayama E, Yan K, Amarilla AA, Wheatley SL, Moore PR, Finger M, Kurucz N, Modhiran N, Young PR, Khromykh AA, Bielefeldt-Ohmann H, Suhrbier A, Hall RA, (2019) A rapid and low-containment recombinant platform for flavivirus vaccines and diagnostics using chimeras of a new insect-specific virus. Science Translational Medicine, 11(522). DOI: 10.1126/scitranslmed.aax7888

Pyke AT, Gunn W, Taylor CT, Mackay IM, McMahon J, Jelley L, Waite B, May F (2018) On the home front: specialized reference testing for Dengue in the Australasian region. Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease, 3 (3). p. 75. DOI: 10.3390/tropicalmed3030075 Erratum (2019)

Taylor CT, Mackay IM, McMahon J, Wheatley SL, Moore PR, Finger M, Hewitson GR, Moore, F (2018) Detection of specific ZIKV IgM in travelers using a Multiplexed Flavivirus Microsphere Immunoassay. Viruses, 10 (5). p. 253. DOI: 10.3390/v10050253

Rafiei N, Hajkowicz K, Redmond A, Taylor CT (2016) First report of Zika virus infection in a returned traveller from the Solomon Islands. Medical Journal of Australia, 204 (5). p. 186. DOI: 10.5694/mja15.01275

Hall-Mendelin S, Pyke AT, Moore PR, Mackay IM, McMahon J, Ritchie SA, Taylor CT, Moore F, van den Hurk AF (2016) Assessment of local mosquito species incriminates Aedes aegypti as the potential vector of Zika Virus in Australia. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 10(9):e0004959. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0004959

Pyke AT, Moore PR, Taylor CT, and Hall-Mendelin S, Cameron JN, Hewitson GR, Pukallus D, Huang B, Warrilow D, van den Hurk AF (2016) Highly divergent dengue virus type 1 genotype sets a new distance record. Scientific Reports, 6: 22356. DOI: 10.1038/srep22356

Lucas YH Goh LYH, Hobson-Peters J, Prow NA, Baker K, PiyasenaTBH, Taylor CT, Rana A, Hastie ML, Gorman JJ, Hall RA (2015) The chikungunya virus capsid protein contains linear B cell epitopes in the N- and C-terminal regions that are dependent on an intact C-terminus for antibody recognition. Viruses. 7(6): 2943-64. DOI: 10.3390/v7062754

Pyke AT, Daly MT, Cameron JN, Moore P, Taylor CT, Hewitson GR, Humphreys J, Gair R  (2014) Imported Zika virus infection from the Cook Islands into Australia. PLoS Currents Outbreaks, 6. DOI: 10.1371/currents.outbreaks.4635a54dbffba2156fb2fd76dc49f65e

Faddy HM, Seed CR, Fryk JJ, Hyland CA, Ritchie SA, Taylor CT, Van Der Merwe KL, Flower RLP, McBride WJH. (2013) Implications of Dengue outbreaks for blood supply, Australia. Emerging Infectious Diseases 19(5):787-9. DOI: 10.3201/eid1905.121664

Livingston A, Taulung CM, Palik H, Samo M, Barrow L, Pretrick M, Nilles EJ, Kool J, Aure F, Simmons R, Pyke A, Taylor C, Cao-Lormeau VM, Sharp TM Chen TH (2013) Dengue outbreak - Federated States of Micronesia, 2012-2013. MMWR Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 62(28): 570-3

Taylor C, Playford EG, McBride WJ, McMahon J, Warrilow D (2012) No evidence of prolonged Hendra virus shedding by 2 patients, Australia. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 18(12): 2025-7. DOI: 10.3201/eid1812.120722

Playford EG, McCall B, Smith G, Slinko V, Allen G, Smith I, Moore F, Taylor C, Kung YH, Field H (2010) Human Hendra virus encephalitis associated with equine outbreak, Australia, 2008. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 16(2): 219-23. DOI: 10.3201/eid1602.090552

Hanna JN, Richards AR, Esmonde JV, Donohue S, Humphreys JL, Pyke AT, Taylor CT (2010) Viraemic importations of dengue into north Queensland, 2009. Communicable Diseases Intelligence. 34(1):57-8

Hanna JN, Ritchie SA, Richards AR, Humphreys JL, Montgomery BL, Ehlers GJM, Pyke AT, Taylor CT (2009) Dengue in north Queensland 2005-2008. Commun Dis Intell Q Rep. 33(2): 198-203

Vijay AK, Gundi B, Taylor C, Raoult D, La Scola B (2009) Bartonella rattaustraliani sp. nov., Bartonella queenslandensis sp. nov. and Bartonella coopersplainsensis sp. nov., identified in Australian rats. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 59(12): 2956-61. DOI: 10.1099/ijs.0.002865-0

van den Hurk AF, Smith CS, Field H, Smith IL, Northill JA, Taylor CT, Jansen CC, Smith GA, Mackenzie JS (2009) Transmission of Japanese Encephalitis virus from the black flying fox, Pteropus alecto, to Culex annulirostris mosquitoes, despite the absence of detectable viremia. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 81(3): 457-62. DOI: 10.4269/ajtmh.2009.81.457

Angelakis E, Biswas S, Taylor C, Raoult D, Rolain JM (2008) Heterogeneity of susceptibility to fluoroquinolones in Bartonella isolates from Australia reveals a natural mutation in gyrA. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 61(6): 1252-5. DOI: 10.1093/jac/dkn094

Fournier PE, Taylor C, Rolain JM, Smith G, Raoult D (2007) Bartonella australis sp. nov. from kangaroos, Australia. Emerging Infectious Diseases 13(12):1961-2. DOI: 10.3201/eid1312.060559

Munckhof WJ, Runnegar N, Gray TJ, Taylor C, Palmer C, Holley A (2007) Two rare severe and fulminant manifestations of Q fever in patients with minimal risk factors for this disease. Internal Medicine Journal, 37(11): 775-8. DOI: 10.1111/j.1445-5994.2007.01489.x

Hanna JN,  Ritchie SA, Richards AR, Taylor CT,  Pyke AT, Montgomery BL,  Piispanen JP, Morgan AK, Humphreys JL (2006) Multiple outbreaks of dengue serotype 2 in north Queensland, 2003/04. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health. 30(3): 220-5. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-842X.2006.tb00861.x

Hanna JN, McBride WJ, Brookes DL, Shield J, Taylor CT, Smith IL, Craig SB, Smith GA (2006) Hendra virus infection in a veterinarian. Medical Journal of Australia, 185(10): 562-4. DOI: 10.5694/j.1326-5377.2006.tb00692.x

Hanna JN, Smith GA, McCulloch BG, Taylor CT, Pyke AT, Brookes DL (2005) An assessment of the interval between booster doses of Japanese encephalitis vaccine in the Torres Strait. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health. 29(1): 44-7. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-842X.2005.tb00747.x

Taylor C, Simmons R, Smith I. (2005) Development of an Immunoglobulin M-Capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to differentiate human flavivirus infections occurring in Australia. Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology, 12(3): 371-4. DOI: 10.1128/CDLI.12.3.371-374.2005

Hanson JP, Taylor CT, Richards AR, Smith IL, Boutlis CS (2004) Japanese encephalitis acquired near Port Moresby: implications for residents and travelers to Papua New Guinea. Medical Journal of Australia, 181(5): 282-3. DOI: 10.5694/j.1326-5377.2004.tb06274.x


Dec 2011: Serological Diagnosis of Flaviviruses. RBWH Infectious Diseases Grand Rounds, Brisbane, Qld.

Oct 2011: Hendra virus serology: Laboratory confirmation (or exclusion) of human Hendra virus Infection by antibody detection.  Serology/Virology ASM Special Interest Group Meeting October 12, Brisbane, Qld.

Jul 2009: Hendra virus outbreak 2008: Laboratory response by enhancement of serological diagnostic capabilities. ASM Conference. Perth, WA.

Aug 2007: Welcome to my microsphere: the application of Luminex technology to viral serology. Serology/Virology ASM Special Interest Group Meeting, Brisbane, Qld.

Jul 2007: Differentiation of human alphavirus infections by multiplexed microsphere IgM immunoassay [poster]. Australian Society for Microbiology Conference, Adelaide, SA.

Dec 2005: Diagnosis of Hendra virus infection in a veterinarian following occupational exposure [poster]. Australia Virology Group meeting, Phillip Island, Vic.

Aug 2004: Diagnosis of flavivirus infections by IgG and IgM capture ELISA: a comparison with the HI test [poster]. 9th Arbovirus Research in Australia Symposium, Noosa, Qld.

Apr 2004: Differentiation of flavivirus infections by IgM capture ELISA. Serology/Virology ASM Special Interest Group Meeting, April 2004, Brisbane, Qld.

Sep 1997: Laboratory investigation of an outbreak of scrub typhus in North Queensland [poster]. Australian Society for Microbiology Conference, September 1997. Adelaide, SA.

May 1993: A pilot study for the surveillance of Ross River Virus activity in Rockhampton, Nov 1992 – May 1993. Serology/Virology ASM Special Interest Group Meeting, May 1993, Brisbane, Qld.



Carmel Taylor
Scientist, Public and Environmental Health